P06 - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS - France

The Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (National Centre for Scientific Research) is a government-funded research organisation, under the administrative authority of France's Ministry of Research. CNRS's annual budget represents a quarter of French public spending on civilian research. As the largest fundamental research organisation in Europe, CNRS carries out research in all fields of knowledge, through its seven CNRS Institutes : Institute of Chemistry (INC) ; Institute of Ecology and Environment (INEE) ; Institute of Physics (INP) ;Institute of Biological Sciences (INSB); Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences (INSHS); Institute for Computer Sciences (INS2I); Institute for Engineering and Systems Sciences (INSIS); and its three national institutes with national missions: the National Institute for Mathematical Sciences (INSMI); the National Institute of Earth Sciences and Astronomy (INSU); and the National Institute of Nuclear and Particle Physics (IN2P3). Its own laboratories as well as those it maintains jointly with universities, other research organisations, or industry are located throughout France, but also overseas with international joint laboratories located in several countries. Measured by the amount of human and material resources it commits to scientific research or by the great range of disciplines in which its scientists carry on their work, the CNRS is clearly the hub of research activity in France. It is also an important breeding ground for scientific and technological innovation, and has been one of the most active participants to previous and current European Framework Programmes. Over the past years, the CNRS has acquired an outstanding experience in coordinating FP Projects.

The CNRS/IN2P3, that will carry out the research work within the MYRTE project in WP2 and WP5, devotes itself to research in the physics of the infinitely small, from the atomic nucleus down to the elementary particles, and in the physics of the infinitely large, to study the composition and evolution of the Universe. The objectives are to determine matter's most elementary constituents and understand their interactions, and to understand the structure and properties of nuclei. It participates to the four big experiments, which are going to take place at the LHC of the CERN (Atlas, CMS, Alice and LHCb). In the field of data processing, IN2P3 is one of the leaders of the French Grid effort and is deeply involved in the European Computation grid projects aimed at optimum use of powerful, distributed computing facilities. The IN2P3 is also involved into particle accelerator and reactor physics and is an actor of research for Accelerator Driven System since the 90’s. IN2P3 contributes since then to the definition of a linear accelerator for ADS systems, especially for the MYRRHA project, and has designed and built two deuteron accelerators for coupling experiments with zero-power reactor mock-ups, MASURCA (CEA Cadarache, France) and VENUS (SCK•CEN, Mol, Belgium), respectively for the MUSE and GUINEVERE programmes. The CNRS/IN2P3 laboratories involved in the MYRTE project are IPNO “Institut de Physique Nucléaire d’Orsay” (Orsay, France), LPSC “Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie” (Grenoble, France), and LPC “Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire” (Caen, France).

The CEMHTI laboratory (CEMHTI : Conditions extrêmes et Matériaux : Hautes Températures et Irradiations, UPR3079) (Orléans, France) is managed by Catherine Bessada. It has a total of 70 permanent researchers, engineers and technicians. The activities are organized in 5 poles of researches mainly focused on the study of materials and their characterization in extreme conditions of temperature and irradiation. One of these poles called “defects in materials” is managed by Marie-France Barthe and dedicates its research activities in the field /study of nuclear materials and their behavior under irradiation. The researchers have good expertise in experimental studies of the irradiation induced damage in different materials (SiC, UO2, W, Fe based alloys ,...) by using positron annihilation spectroscopy and ion beam analysis techniques available around the different accelerators of the laboratory. Another pole called “particle beams and applications” operates the accelerators such as cyclotron, Pelletron and develops tools for irradiations around these machines. CEMHTI has been involved or are still involved in FP7 projects such as F-Bridge, PERFORM60, GETMAT and MATISSE. Several people from CEMHTI will be involved in MYRTE project including researchers, engineers and technicians in the work package WP 6 and will be in charge of the task 6.1 on the study of the helium behavior in (U,Am)O2-x targets. Marie-France Barthe will be in charge of the scientific work performed in the project and Pierre Desgardin will be involved for PAS and Thierry Sauvage for He implantations and NRA (Nuclear Reaction Analysis) characterizations in (U,La)O2-x model samples in collaboration with ITU.

Key persons

  • Jean-Luc Biarrotte
  • Annick Billebaud
  • Marie France Barthe
  • Jean-Luc Lecouey
  • Maud Baylac
  • François-René Lecolley
  • David Longuevergne
  • Christophe Joly